*The 10 Most important things known about addiction:
- Addiction is fundamentally about compulsive behaviour;
- Compulsive drug seeking is initiated outside of consciousness;
- Addiction is about 50% heritable and complexity abounds;
- Most people with addictions who present for help have other psychiatric problems as well;
- Addiction is a chronic relapsing disorder in the majority of people who present for help;
- Different psychotherapies appear to produce similar treatment outcomes;
- ‘Come back when you’re motivated’ is no longer an acceptable therapeutic response;
- The more individualized and broad-based the treatment a person with addiction receives, the better the outcome;
- Epiphanies are hard to manufacture; and
- Change takes time.
*extracted from Doug Sellman (2009) The 10 Most important things known about addictionAddiction , 105 , 6–13.